The key to helping a child learn to read is to understand why it can be difficult.
After that, progress usually becomes easy!
My programmes focus on 7 main causes of reading difficulty:
| 1 | Auditory Deficit:
Most visual learners find learning to read very hard and around 80% of children “diagnosed” as dyslexic are in fact visual learners who have not grasped phonics. The child is reading through pure sight recognition of whole words rather than auditory decoding. This situation can seem to be OK until the text gets too complex for this approach. At that stage you will see more and more wild guessing. Eventually the child’s confidence will collapse between the ages of 6 and 9.
2 Eye Tracking:
As you read text on a page, your eyes focus on a word or group of words and then jump to the right to view the next word or group of words. Each jump is called a saccade. If your child can read single words well but really struggles with lines of text, it is a good indication of some eye-tracking difficulty. Most of us don’t need to perform like top flight sportsmen, but we do need a cerebellum functioning reasonably well. And that is easy to achieve by exercising it.
3 Irlen Syndrome:
The eye is sensitive to the contrast of a pure black on a white background. It is a bit like blue on red for the rest of us.
For me that is very hard to read. Some people find the same effect with black text on a white background. If your child complains of “the text moving around”, that will be the reason.
Here is an example of that…
This text is probably harder to read
4 Low Short-Term Memory Capacity:
One element of learning to read is that you have to hold various complex bits of information in your short-term memory. Most people can hold 6 items at once before it is lost.
5 Fluency Block:
Some children develop a good ability to decode words, but are always stuck laboriously decoding them without it becoming fluent.
6 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
The cause of the problem is strong neuron activity in the cerebral cortex, without sufficient control coming from the frontal lobe. Your frontal lobe acts as a conductor of brain focus and without control coming from a single point, you get a mildly chaotic situation. The solution is to provide with very engaging, but short, successful programme.
7 Stress and Reading:
As anyone knows who has helped someone struggling to read, stress levels tend to rise very quickly, sometimes for everyone involved!
So, How Do I do it?
I will assess which difficulty (or difficulties) your child is having with reading and create the right reading programme to suit!!!
I will make the process fun.
I will make it seem OK.
I will create a path that is achievable.